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Causes of Hair Damage and What You Can Do About It

December 11, 2018

1 Min read

Hair Damage can come from all sorts of places. Whether from environmental aggressors, hair habits like chemical dyes or lifestyle factors like diet and exercise, the causes can be out of our control or not. No matter! Continue reading below for everything you need to know about the causes and fixes for hair damage.

What Is Hair Damage

Hair damage happens when aggressors target the protective layers of your hair, including the cuticle and cortex. The cuticle is keratin, bound by ceramides, and sealed with an external lipid layer. When this layer is attacked by oil-stripping assailants, your hair gets dull, frizzy, dry, and more porous. There’s also the cortex that’s built up of keratin fibers that foster your hair’s elasticity and resistance to traction. A broken cortex means breakage, which looks like choppy layers that you definitely didn’t get during your last hair appointment. These types of damage can fall under either the oxidative or non-oxidative umbrellas. In plain terms, oxidative is chemical-based while non-oxidative has more to do with physical abrasion, like friction.

A Few Causes of Hair Damage

The Environment: Whenever you step outside, your strands brace themselves against geo aggressors like UV-rays and pollution. Water is also a culprit, especially if you frequent the pool and are exposed to chlorine, or if you have metal-rich H2O in your shower.

Styling: Combing, brushing, curling, blow drying, straightening, and whatever else you do to maintain a hairstyle contributes to friction, fried hair, and eventually breakage.

Chemical Treatments: The use of hair color to express our personality or chemical processing to update our style is something we’re all for, but, the use of bleach, hair dye, texture, and smoothing processes have the potential to wreak havoc on hair without the proper care and upkeep.

Hair Damage is Treatable But Not Always Reversible

If you’ve noticed damage, a great hair treatment could help strands look and feel healthier. And while some harm can’t be reversed—like, chemical processes—there are ways to prevent hair damage from happening in the future. Being mindful of the heat setting on your hot tools or using soft, non-abrasive towels to dry your hair could help minimize damage to strands.

Your Ingredients Make a Difference

When it comes to minimizing or repairing hair damage, the main ingredients to take stock of are oils that have restorative and hydrating properties. Search for antioxidants such as Vitamin E and polyphenols to combat oxidative troublemakers. Load up on protein with keratin-rich products and always opt for sulfate-free formulas.

Use Treatments Before and After Shampoo

Streamline a routine that helps restore some health back to those stands. Try the pre-shampoo method—coat hair in your favorite oil, butter (like shea butter), or conditioner and let it sit for 20-30 minutes, then rinse. This will give your hair a major boost and minimize damage while you shampoo. When cleansing and conditioning, keep the water at a lukewarm temperature, as high heat aggravates the cuticle.

Incorporate leave-in treatments that not only protect strands when styling, but that also keep strands moisturized throughout the day. Lastly, try an overnight mask every so often to give your hair some TLC.

Styling Should be Gentle

Styling our hair is a great way to change up our look, just be mindful of the way you’re doing it. Heat tools, like flat irons and blow dryers, should be kept on low heat settings and should be preceded by a heat protectant. Opting for protective styles like ponytails, braids, buns, or even a fun wig, will protect the vulnerable cuticle and cortex between heat styling.


Finding the just-right ingredients for you and your strands is crucial when looking to achieve healthier, damage-less hair. Take our consultation here to discover the right formula for you.



The Prose Staff is here to share the best hair tips and tricks to help you achieve all your hair goals with custom hair care, breakthrough innovation and more

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